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The National Capital Region (NCR) is the only region in the country without any province. It is subdivided into 17 local government units (LGUs) comprising of 16 cities and one municipality.  The 16 cities include: Caloocan, Malabon, Navotas, Valenzuela, Quezon City, Marikina, Pasig, Taguig, Makati, Manila, Mandaluyong, San Juan, Pasay, Parañaque, Las Piñas and Muntinlupa. Pateros is the lone municipality in the region. Each of the 16 cities and one municipality in Metro Manila is governed by a Mayor. NCR is bordered by the provinces of Bulacan to the north, Rizal to the east, Cavite to the south-west and Laguna to the south. Manila Bay lies to the west and Laguna de Bay to the south-east.



Manila features  a tropical wet and dry climate that borders on a tropical monsoon climate. Together with the rest of the Philippines, Manila lies entirely within the tropics. Its proximity to the equator means that the temperature range is very small, rarely going lower than 20oC and going higher than 38oC. However, humidity levels are usually very high which makes it feel much warmer. It has a distinct, albeit relatively short dry season from January through April, and relatively lenghty wet season from May through December.


With an annual growth rate of 1.78, the total population of NCR is 11.86 million (PSA, Population Censuses). The 2010 population is higher by 1.93 million compared to the 2000 population of 9.93 million. The region’s population is 13% of the entire country’s population.

The seven (7) most populated barangays in the region are mostly in Quezon City (Commonwealth, Batasan Hills, Payats and Holy Spirit). Barangay 176 in Caloocan ranks number one with almost 244 thousand population. 


Sixty seven (67) percent of residents in Metro Manila are relatively young who belong to the working group. 

Majority of the migrants in the country are in Metro Manila. As of the 2010 population census, there are 284,000 migrants in the region



The metropolis has an extensive system of highways connecting the various cities and municipality. The major roads include ten radial roads, which branch out from central Manila and five circumferencial roads which from a series of cencentric semi-conductors arcs around downtown Manila. Most of these roads are very important transportation arteries. One is the C4 (Circumferencial Road 4), also called Epifanio de los Avenue or more popularly as EDSA.

It is the major thoroughfare in Metro Manila connecting five cities in Metro Manila, namely Pasay, Makati, Mandaluyong, Quezon City Caloocan.

Metro Manila is notorious for its traffic jams. A trip that should take 20 minutes will last an hour or more especially during rush hour. Consuquently, the Metro Manila Development Authority has constructed many projects to decongest traffic. There are two different repid transit system in Metro Manila: the Manila Light Rail Transit System, or the LRT, and the Manila Metro Rail Transit System, or the MRT. The Yellow Line (LRT-1) and the Purple Line (LRT-2) from the LRT network, while the Blue line (MRT-3) forms the MRT network. Philippine National Railways (PNR) also operates two main-line railway lines within Metro Manila, all part of the once-flourishing Luzon railway system. The northern line, known as Northrail and connecting Manila to Caloocan City, is currently closed. Line extensions are proposed to Valenzuela City and further on to Bulacan and Pampanga. the trans-metro Manila protion of the still-open southern line, known as Southrail, commences at Tutuban station in Tondo, Manilak, passes through the cities of Manila Makati, Taguig, Paranaque adn Las Pinas, and ends in Barangay Buli, Muntinlupa City, before entering the province of Laguna. Ninoy Aquino International Airport (NAIA), which straddles the bounday between Paranaque City and Pasay City, is the country;s busiest airport. It consists of a domestic terminal and two international terminals. There are two main runways ans the hangar of the Philippine Airlines is located near the Villamor Air Base. NAIA will be closed in favor of the Diosdado Macapagal International Airport in Pampanga, as the major gateway of the Philippines.



Filipino, also Pilipino, is the Tagalog language designated as the national language and one of two official languages of the Philippines. Filipino/Tagalog is the first language of a third of the population of the Philippines, It is centered around Metro Manila but is known almost universally throughout the country.



Based on the 2011 report of DepEd-NCR there are 514 public elementary schools with preschools and 246 high schools. In these schools, there are 53, 033 teachers deployed. There are 1, 873 day care centers all over the region with 144, 070 day care children enrolled.



Metro Manila is the financial, commercial and industrial center of the Philippines. Makati is the largest financial and economic hub of the metropolitan area and the country. regarded as the metropolis' central business district (CBD), it is the base of many Philippines' largest corporations including the Ayala group of Companies, as well as the nation's major banks. The Makati area is built around the former Nielsen Air Base, an American installation during World War IIm and its runways now form the district's main roads, which cross each other at the Makati Triangle, home of the nation's stock exchange. Disserent well-known skyscrapers in Metro Manila are here like PBCom Tower and G. T. International Tower. Foreign corporations also have their main Philippine hubs here.

New developsments seeking to become vibrant centers of their own are Bonifacio Global City in Taguig; Eastwood City in Quezon City; the Manila Bay City Reclamation Area inthe cities of Pasay, Paranaque and Las Pinas; and Alabang Estates, madrigal Business Park, and Fillinvest Corporate City in Muntinlupa. triangle park in Quezon City is the latest addition to the list. Ortigas Center is thesecond most important business district in Metro Manila. Situated in Mandaluyong and Pasig,it is home to the headquarters of several major Philippine companies such as San Miguel Corporation and Meralco, and hosts mani shopping malls and hotels. The Asian Development Bank, also has its headquarters here.

The traditional business center of Chinese-Filipino businessmen and the country's CBD prior to the development of the Makati CBD was the Binondo District in the City of Manila.


Labor and Employment

Based on the July 2014 NSO Quickstat on NCR, the employment rate in the region remains to be at 89.6%. The labor force participation rate increased from 62.7% in 2013 to 64.5% in 2014. The unemployment rate is 10.4% where 11 out of 100 employed were underemployed. 


Labor and Employment Rate

July 2014

July 2013

July 2012

Labor force participation






















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