HISTORY AND GEOPOLITICAL CHARACTERISTICS

Region10 region10-map 1

The concept of regional administration as a means to enhance and promote socio-economic development has long been pursued in the country since 1954. However, it was only during the martial law regime that administrative regions were established. The Integrated Reorganization Plan embodied in Presidential Decree No.1, created eleven regions, three of which are in Mindanao (Regions IX,X and XI).

Under PD No. 1, Region X was among the bigger regions in the country then composed of the provinces of Agusan del Norte, Agusan del Sur, Bukidnon, Camiguin, Lanao del Norte, Lanao del Sur Misamis Occidental, Misamis Oriental, Surigao del Norte and Surigao del Sur; and the cities of Butuan, Cagayan de Oro, Gingoog, Iligan, Oroquieta, Ozamiz and Tangub.

In 1975, then President Marcos issued Presidential Decree No. 742, later amended by Presidential Decree 743, creating Region XII and transferring thereto the Provinces of Lanao del Norte and Lanao del Sur. The same Presidential Decree transferred Surigao del Sur to Region XI.

In February 1995, then President Fidel V. Ramos signed into law Republic Act 7901 creating Region XIII (the Caraga Administrative Region), which further trimmed down Region X's jurisdiction, as the Agusan provinces and Surigao del Norte including the cities therein became part of the new region.

Then President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo issued Executive Order No. 36 on September 19,2001 "Reorganizing the Mindanao Regions", which then reverted the province of Lanao del Norte and the city of Iligan to Region X.At the tip of Northern Mindanao, Region X now is composed of five provinces and two highly urbanized cities, seven component cities, 84 municipalities and 2,022 barangays. These are the provinces of Bukidnon, Camiguin, Lanao del Norte, Misamis Occidental and Misamis Oriental, the highly urbanized cities of Cagayan de Oro and Iligan and the component cities of Gingoog, Malaybalay, Oroquieta, Ozamiz, Tangub, Valencia and El Salvador. Lanao del Norte has the highest number of barangays with 462 while Camiguin has the lowest number of 58 having only five municipalities.Table 1.0 shows the political subdivisions.

TABLE 1.0. POLITICAL SUBDIVISIONS IN REGION 10,2011

PROVINCE

CITY

POLITICAL SUBDIVISIONS

Cities

Municipalities

Barangays

1.Bukidnon

 

2

20

387

 

1.Malaybalay

   

46

 

2.Valencia

   

31

2.Camiguin

   

5

58

3.Lanao del Norte

 

1

22

462

 

3. Iligan

   

44

4.Misamis Occidental

 

3

14

337

 

4. Oroquieta

   

47

 

5. Ozamiz

   

51

 

6. Tangub

   

55

   

3

23

330

5. Misamis Oriental

 

7. Cagayan de Oro

   

80

 

8.  Gingoog

   

79

9.  El Salvador

15

Region 10

 

9

85

2,022

Source: DILG X

   

 

 CLIMATE

Three Climate types prevail in the different areas of Northern Mindanao:

1. Type II-  No dry season with very pronounced maximum rainfall from November to January in  the  provinces of Camiguin and Misamis Occidental. 
2. Type III- Relatively dry from November to April and wet during the rest of the year, affecting  Misamis Oriental and Central Bukidnon. 
3. Type IV- Rainfull is evenly distributed throughout the year in Northeastern Misamis Oriental and  Bukidnon.

 

COMMODITY PRODUCTION 

 

A. Grow (Body-building) Foods

 

Fish production in the region reached a total of 160,601.08 MT in 2010. Commercial fishing  has 5.26 % decrease in production; while inland municipal fishing recorded a 21.80 percent increase; aquaculture fishing shows a 9.75 percent increase and Marine municipal fishing showed a 0.50 % increase compared to 2009.

 

Table 2.0 CY 2010 Fish Catch/Production by Province in Metric Tons

 

Sector/Province

2009

(MT)

2010

(MT)

Increase/Decrease

Commercial 45, 983.43 43, 564.72 (5.26)
Inland Municipal 3, 447.26 4, 199.03 21.80
Marine Municipal 38, 994.86 39, 139.74 0.50
Aquaculture Fishing 67, 149.64 73, 697.59 9.75
Total 155, 525.19 160, 601.08 3.26

 

                                                     Source: Country stat.bas.gov.ph/DA-RFU X

For 2010, carabao production posted an increase of 6.7 percent; while hog recorded an increase of 5.47 percent, goat with 5.13 percent increase, cattle with 2.42 percent increase and chicken production increased by 7.27 percent. However, duck production registered a decrease of 2.88 percent as compared to 2009.

 

Table 3.0. Livestock and Poultry Production in Metric Tons

  (Liveweight) By Specie

Animal Type 2009 2010

%

Increase/Decrease

Carabao 7, 385 7, 848 6.27
Cattle 33, 615 34, 430 2.42
Goat 5, 989 6, 296 5.13
Hog 129, 440 136, 518 5.47
Chicken 110, 736 118, 789 7.27
Duck 1, 633 1, 586 (2.88)
Chicken Eggs 33, 644 34, 534 2.64
     

 

 

 

Region 10 Calendar

 
ro10 news and upcoming events
about region x
ro10 profile
ro10 policies plans activities
ro10 facts and figures
ro10 nutrition network

Back to Top