dengue article photoIt’s rainy season again and mosquitoes possibly lay their eggs on old tires, flower vases, cans, stagnant waters and depending on their breeding sites per region and therefore it must be cleaned.

According to World Health Organization, dengue is transmitted by the bite of a mosquito infected with one of the four dengue virus serotypes. It is a febrile illness that affects infants, young children and adults with symptoms appearing 3-14 days after the infective bite.

 

As to the Department of Health, the following are the signs and symptoms of dengue hemorrhagic fever:

  • Sudden onset of high fever which may last 2 to 7 days
  • Joint & muscle pain and pain behind the eyes
  • Weakness
  • Skin rashes - maculopapular rash or red tiny spots on the skin called petechiae
  • Nose bleeding when fever starts to subside
  • Abdominal pain
  • Vomiting of coffee-colored matter
  • Dark-colored stools
  • Cover water drums and water pails at all times to prevent mosquitoes from breeding.
  • Replace water in flower vases once a week.
  • Clean all water containers once a week. Scrub the sides well to remove eggs of mosquitoes sticking to the sides.
  • Clean gutters of leaves and debris so that rain water will not collect as breeding places of mosquitoes.
  • Old tires used as roof support should be punctured or cut to avoid accumulation of water.
  • Collect and dispose all unusable tin cans, jars, bottles and other items that can collect and hold water.

Prevention and Control:

 

Furthermore, people with weak immune system are at risk for developing dengue hemorrhagic fever. In order to avoid this to happen, we must always remember to practice the 10 Kumainments.

  1. Eat a variety of foods everyday to get the nutrients needed by the body. (Kumain ng iba’t-ibang pagkain.)
  2. Breastfeed infants exclusively from birth up to 6 months then give appropriate complementary foods while continuing breastfeeding for 2 years and beyond for optimum growth and development. (Sa unang 6 months ni baby, breastfeeding lamang; mula 6 months, bigyan din siya ng ibang angkop na pagkain.)
  3. Eat more vegetables and fruits everyday to get the essential vitamins, minerals and fiber for regulation of body processes. (Kumain ng gulay at prutas araw-araw.)
  4. Consume fish, lean meat, poultry, egg, dried beans or nuts daily for growth and repair of body tissues. (Kumain ng isda, karne at ibang pagkaing may protina.)
  5. Consume milk, milk products and other calcium-rich foods, such as small fish and shellfish, everyday for healthy bones and teeth. (Uminom ng gatas; kumain ng pagkaing mayaman sa calcium.)
  6. Consume safe foods and water to prevent diarrhea and other food and water-borne diseases. (Tiyaking malinis at ligtas ang ating pagkain at tubig.)
  7. Use iodized salt to prevent Iodine Deficiency Disorders. (Gumamit ng iodized salt.)
  8. Limit intake of salty, fried, fatty and sugar-rich foods to prevent cardiovascular diseases. (Hinay-hinay sa maaalat, mamantika at matatamis.)
  9. Attain normal body weight through proper diet and moderate physical activity to prevent obesity and maintain good health. (Panatilihin ang tamang timbang.)
  10. Be physically active, make healthy food choices, manages stress, avoid alcoholic beverage and do not smoke to help prevent lifestyle-related non-communicable diseases. (Maging aktibo. Iwasan ang alak; huwag manigarilyo.)

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