Ranges from slightly undulating to rolling and from hilly to mountainous
Highest elevation: Mayon Volcano at 2,462 meters above sea level
Climate: Type II (Catanduanes and Camarines Norte) characterized by the absence of dry season with a very pronounced maximum rain period in December and January; Type III (Masbate and Albay) characterized by no pronounced maximum rain period with a short dry season; Type IV (Camarines Sur and Sorsogon) characterized by evenly distributed rainfall throughout the year.
Regional population is six (6) percent of the country’s total population
Annual population growth rate of the region is considered as very rapid growth; population is expected to double in 41 years
Bicol has a high age dependency ratio of 75 percent, which implies a great burden to satisfy food and other basic needs
Seventy-two (72) percent of the population in Bicol resides in rural areas.
In terms of education, only Masbate is classified under “low” level with an index of 0.490; the rest of the provinces are all classified under “medium” level with indices ranging from 0.572 to 0.623.
All the provinces are classified under “low” level in terms of income, with indices ranging from 0.173 to 0.327.
In terms of the overall HDI, only Masbate is classified as “low”, ranking 73rd among all the provinces in the country; the rest of the provinces are classified as “medium”, with HDIs ranging from 0.525 to 0.558 and corresponding ranks ranging from 34th to 50th.
Camarines Norte and Masbate have per capita income rank above their overall HDI rank, indicating that people in these two provinces have not been able to productively use their income to improve their health, education, and overall human development.
2. Camarines Norte
3. Camarines Sur
1. Legazpi City
2. Ligao City
3. Tabaco City
4. Iriga City
5. Naga City
6. Masbate City
7. Sorsogon City
Number of Congressional Districts, Cities, Municipalities, and Barangays, by Province, Bicol Region