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growth and developmentUnderstanding the growth and development of a child is one of the many important milestones of parenting. As babies grow older day by day, they change rapidly physically and mentally and develop their own personalities. At this stage of their lives, parents are the proudest of seeing their child becoming their own persona. So, for parents out there trying to understand the natural phenomena changes in your child’s life, here are some guides to examine if your child’s growth and development are appropriate for his or her age or something you need to worry about:

Growth and development, as a whole, are not limited to physical changes that occur in the child’s body but also in the changes in emotions, personality, behavior, thinking, and speech. These changes develop depending on the environment they are in. According to Medical Plus, soon after birth, infants normally lose about 5% to 10% of their birth weight but at 2 weeks of age, the infant should gain weight and grow quickly. This is the start of the rapid growth up to 2 years of age and after this, the growth slows until the adolescent growth spurt.

Development on the other hand is important that parents and caregivers must monitor. The child's developmental milestones must be observed such as their ability to playing, learning, speaking, behaving and moving, as well as, their ability to respond and make simple movements like voice recognition, face recognition, rolling over, and crawling. Thus, a regular check-up with your pediatrician is very critical in determining potential developmental delays that can cause problems in the health of the child. These are the determining factors on how faster they will learn, how they will behave and relate to others, and perform their activities of daily living in the future like socio-economic and educational attainments or the quality of life they may have in the days to come.

The bottom line is that parents should know the growth and developmental changes of their child to give early intervention that can prevent problems in the future. We need to be very careful in taking care of our little ones. We don’t want them to suffer or be in pain so let us pay more attention especially in the earlier stages of life. The more developmental stimuli we give, the more we encourage their mind and body to respond. Give quality time to your child!

NO II Joanna Marie E. Baltazar, RND

 

References:

1. Your child’s development from birth to 3 years

https://www.healthlinkbc.ca/healthlinkbc-files/child-development-birth-3-years

2. Normal growth and development

https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/002456.htm

3. Healthy Development

https://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/childdevelopment/facts.html

4. Physical growth of infants and children

https://www.msdmanuals.com/home/children-s-health-issues/growth-and-development/physical-growth-of-infants-and-children