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egg yolkThe egg is known to Filipinos as the most popular treat during breakfast. Eggs are also typically found in almost every Filipino breakfast meal in combination with processed foods such as corned beef, tapa, bacon, etc. All other processed protein is a good combination with egg because it balances the saltiness of the processed meats. It is among the cheapest sources of protein that is easily accessible, yet possess a high cholesterol content. Yes, it may sound scary, but in reality, it is safe to consume them every day for normal individuals without cholesterol issues.

Eggs have two parts… the egg white and the egg yolk when in combination provides the right balance of protein, fats and calories. Egg yolks are the yellow part of the egg with a wide array of vital nutrients and health benefits. Meanwhile, packed with high protein content, people trying to lose weight usually just consume the egg white to stay away from the fat content of the entire egg. Despite of its fat content, egg yolks have health benefits which include lowering the risk of gastrointestinal distress due to its phosvitin which is a protein found in the yolk that reduces inflammation, boosting effect to the immune system because of its sulphated glycopeptides that can protect the body against disease and infection, and reducing the risk of vision problem as it is a significant source of lutein and zeaxanthin that can protect against cataracts and macular degeneration.

On the other hand, it was also claimed that this egg yolk increases the risk of cardiovascular diseases and may increase cholesterol levels. Let us segment the cholesterol before diving into the egg yolk cholesterol. Cholesterol in general has an important function in our body that is used in the production of steroid hormones. Our liver produces a large amount of cholesterol. If we eat more cholesterol-rich foods, our liver produces less. According to the American Heart Association, the recommended cholesterol intake per day should not be more than 300 milligrams per day. And so, for a healthy individual, they can consume 1 whole egg every day but for individuals with cholesterol concerns it is advised to consume 1-2 pcs whole egg for a week and the rest of the days consume the egg whites only.

Whether the egg yolk is good or bad for our health, it is recommended to check your cholesterol level and ask the medical expert what diet is appropriate for you. Since we Filipinos are fond of eating processed foods with eggs for our breakfast, why not enrich them with healthier ingredients like mixing some vegetables and pair them with fruits in the morning? Truly, an egg a day is okay but keeping a healthy lifestyle through proper diet and exercise of at least 30 minutes a day is better. 

NO II Joanna Marie E. Baltazar

References:

1. All you need to know about egg yolk

https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/320445#nutrition

2. Are chicken eggs good or bad for my cholesterol?

https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/high-blood-cholesterol/expert-answers/cholesterol/faq-20058468

3. Eggs and Cholesterol: How many eggs can you safely consumed?

https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/how-many-eggs-should-you-eat

4. Eggs and Cholesterol

https://www.heartfoundation.org.nz/wellbeing/healthy-eating/nutrition-facts/eggs-and-cholesterol

5. Cholesterol

https://www.ahajournals.org/doi/full/10.1161/CIR.0000000000000743

dandruffIs your scalp itchy and flaky? White flakes and an itchy, scaly scalp are the main symptoms of dandruff. Dandruff is a condition that causes little white or yellow flakes of dry skin, which rub off easily, to form on your body. It usually affects your scalp, but it can happen in other parts of your body. You can have it on your forehead, the sides of your nose, your ears, or your chest. Dandruff is considered to be a mild form of seborrheic dermatitis. In babies, seborrheic dermatitis is called cradle cap. Dandruff develops more frequently among men than women.

There are various possible causes of dandruff, these include seborrheic dermatitis, allergic reactions, psoriasis, and eczema. An overreaction to Malassezia, a yeast that occurs on the scalp, is among the causes of seborrheic dermatitis. Factors such as a person’s age, the weather, stress levels, medical conditions, and choice of hair products also increase your risk of developing dandruff. People who tend to have oilier hair or live with certain illnesses (such as Parkinson’s disease or HIV) are also at higher risk. Many people think that dandruff is caused by dry scalp problems. To avoid drying out the scalp, even more, they wash their hair less often. Not washing enough will irritate your scalp even more leading to more dandruff. 

Dandruff is common and can be treated in many ways. You can take steps to reduce your risk of developing dandruff or to control it by learning how to manage stress, eating a healthy diet, practice good hygiene, get a little sunlight, shampooing often to reduce oil and skin cell build-up, and limit hair styling products. Stress affects your overall health, making you susceptible to several conditions and diseases. It can aggravate or even worsen dandruff for some individuals. While Malassezia is not introduced to your scalp by stress, it can thrive if your immune system is compromised, which is exactly what stress does to your body. It can also help trigger dandruff or worsen existing symptoms. For mild dandruff without a specific cause, various over-the-counter products can help manage flaking and itchiness. For those people who are experiencing severe symptoms of dandruff such as patches, redness and bleeding, and pain, consult your doctor immediately.

PNFP-ZDN Rowence Zorilla, RND

References:

1. Is My Dandruff Severe?

https://www.webmd.com/skin-problems-and-treatments/severe-dandruff

2. How to treat dandruff

https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/152844#_noHeaderPrefixedContent

3. Dandruff

https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/dandruff/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20353854

4. Dandruff: What Your Itchy Scalp Is Trying to Tell You

https://www.healthline.com/health/dandruff-itchy-scalp#see-your-doctor

red tideAs of August 27, 2021 - Shellfish Bulletin No. 25, based on the latest laboratory results of the Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources (BFAR) and Local Government Units (LGUs), shellfishes collected at coastal waters of Milagros in Masbate; coastal waters of Dauis and Tagbilaran City in Bohol; San Pedro Bay in Western Samar; coastal waters of Biliran Islands; Carigara Bay in Leyte; Matarinao Bay in Eastern Samar; Dumanquilas Bay in Zamboanga del Sur; Murcielagos Bay in Zamboanga del Norte; and Lianga Bay in Surigao del Sur are still positive for Paralytic Shellfish Poison (PSP) or toxic red tide that is beyond the regulatory limit. All types of shellfish and Acetes species or alamang gathered from these areas are NOT SAFE for human consumption. Fish, squids, shrimps, and crabs are safe for human consumption provided that they are fresh and washed thoroughly, and internal organs such as gills and intestines are removed before cooking.

But what is PSP? Paralytic Shellfish Poison (PSP) is a naturally occurring marine biotoxin that is produced by some species of microscopic algae. Shellfish eat these algae and can retain the toxin. People can become ill from eating shellfish contaminated with Paralytic Shellfish Poison caused by saxitoxin. This biotoxin affects the nervous system and paralyzes muscles, thus the term "paralytic" shellfish poison. High levels of Paralytic Shellfish Poison can cause severe illness and even death. 

The symptoms and the onset are rapid that it can be felt within 30 minutes to 2 hours after eating which includes: nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain and numbness of the lips, tongue, and fingertips. Muscle paralysis may also occur. The person who has been poisoned may as well develop the following conditions: headache, lower-back pain, vertigo (dizziness), loss of balance, drooling, blurred vision, temporary blindness, elevated heart rate, low blood pressure and altered temperature perception. Ingesting large amounts of contaminated shellfish can result in much more complicated condition such as coma and respiratory failure.

Unfortunately, there is no antidote for PSP. However, managements can be done to prevent severe complication as follows: (1) Do not induce vomiting; (2) In case of vomiting, turn the person on their side to prevent the person from breathing in any stomach contents (vomit); (3) Charcoal hemoperfusion (a process involving the pumping of artificial blood through an activated charcoal filter to remove the poison); (4) Fluid therapy may be administered; (5) Artificial respiration or ventilation support may keep the person alive until emergency’s arrive; and (6) Seek medical treatment as soon as possible. As shellfish contaminated during a red tide with saxitoxin does not have an abnormal taste, smell, or color and the toxin is not destroyed by heating or cooking so, it’s important to be updated, read news article and watch news about red tide warning updates especially during the season of red tide. Take precautionary measures and among these are to check consistently the shellfish bulletin updates on BFAR website, and do not eat shellfish if there are red tide warnings in your area or even to other area where your shellfish originated, and wash thoroughly and remove gills, heads of shrimps and intestines of fish, squids and crabs. Most importantly, always practice food safety at home.

AA VI ANGELYN P. INTAL, RND

 

References:

  • Shellfish Bulletin No. 25 Series of 2021 dated August 27, 2021.

https://www.bfar.da.gov.ph/redtide?rui=323

  • Paralytic Shellfish Poison.

https://www.doh.wa.gov/CommunityandEnvironment/Shellfish/RecreationalShellfish/Illnesses/Biotoxins/ParalyticShellfishPoison

  • Shellfish Poisoning Paralysis Symptoms and treatments.

https://www.webmd.com/first-aid/wilderness-shellfish-poisoning-paralysis

leptospirosisPitter-patter… Lately, rain has been pouring from the sky and when it rains, it pours. And what does it pour? Not just water but threats and dangers to crops, to safety and to health. Surely, you have heard Leptospirosis advisory during this rainy season. So, what is Leptospirosis anyway? Leptospirosis is not new to us every time a storm hits our country or when wet season comes in. Leptospirosis is a bacterial disease that affects humans and animals. It is caused by bacteria of the genus Leptospira. In humans, it can cause a wide range of symptoms, some of which may be mistaken for other diseases. Some infected persons, however, may have no symptoms at all. Its modes of transmission include wading in contaminated floodwaters, ingesting contaminated food or water. The bacterium has an incubation period of seven to ten days before symptoms appear. Symptoms of the disease include high fever, muscle pain, eye redness, chills, severe headache, vomiting, diarrhea, or yellowish skin discoloration.

Health Undersecretary Maria Rosario Vergeire said there are 589 leptospirosis cases reported from January 1 to June 19 this year. This compares to 520 cases reported during the same period in 2020. In addition, the fatality rate is slightly higher–11.4 percent this year, compared to 9.8 percent last year. Cordillera Administrative Region, Western Visayas and Cagayan Valley regions reported the highest incidence of the bacterial disease.

The risk of acquiring leptospirosis can be greatly reduced by not swimming or wading in water that might be contaminated with animal urine, or eliminating contact with potentially infected animals. Protective clothing or footwear should be worn by those exposed to contaminated water or soil because of their job or recreational activities. Prevention and control over matter is a good way not to acquire Leptospirosis. Here's how you can further prevent it:

  • Avoid swimming or wading in potentially contaminated water or flood water.
  • Use of proper protection like boots and gloves when work requires exposure to contaminated water.
  • Drain potentially contaminated water when possible.
  • Control rats in the household by using rat traps or rat poison, maintaining cleanliness in the house.

How can we treat a person with leptospirosis? Leptospirosis is treated with antibiotics, such as doxycycline or penicillin, which should be given early in the course of the disease. Intravenous antibiotics may be required for persons with more severe symptoms. Persons with symptoms suggestive of leptospirosis should contact a health care provider. It's rainy season again, and one thing we can do is to prevent the rising cases of leptospirosis during this season. Wearing the appropriate clothing and waterproof gumboots can help you stop the bacteria from entering your body.  So that for the next storm to hits us, we are all prepared and no leptospirosis disease can stop us from doing what we want.

NO I Zamubec Alomar C. Adlawan, RND

References:

  • LEPTOSPIROSIS

https://doh.gov.ph/Health-Advisory/Leptospirosis

https://www.cdc.gov/leptospirosis/index.html

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Preparing a healthy meal seems to be a struggle for all of us. To save time and energy, we always choose foods that are more favorable to prepare or even buy ready-to-eat meals on fast food chains and carinderias. Consuming ready-to-eat foods is surely convenient, but how does it affect our health in the long run? Or the more important question, is it all worth it?

Pare Jean (Canadian caterer, author of the Company's Coming cookbook series, and founder of Company’s Coming Publishing Limited), defines meal preparation, or meal prep, as the process of planning and preparing meals ahead of time for a short or period of time. According to Alina Petre (a Canadian- and Dutch-registered dietitian specializing in sport nutrition and plant-based diets), it’s particularly popular amongst busy people because it can save a lot of time. In addition, having pre-prepared meals on hand can also reduce portion size and help you reach your nutrition goals. This way, you’ll avoid unhealthy options like TV dinners or takeout, especially when you’re overwhelmed or exhausted.

alice 2Alice in Wonderland syndrome (AWS) also known as Todd’s syndrome is a rare condition that causes temporary episodes of distorted perception and disorientation. This was first identified in the 1950s by a British psychiatrist, Dr. John Todd. He noted that the symptoms and recorded anecdotes of this syndrome closely resembled episodes that the character Alice Liddell experienced in Lewis Carroll’s novel “Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland.” A person may feel larger or smaller than they are. They may also find a room or the surrounding furniture — seems to shift and feel further away or closer than it is. These aren’t the result of an eye problem or hallucination. They’re caused by changes in how your brain perceives the environment you’re in and how your body looks.

AWS episodes may vary for each person. A typical episode can last a few minutes and some can last up to half an hour. During those episodes, you may experience symptoms such as migraine, size distortion, perceptual distortion, time distortion, sound distortion, and loss of coordination. Micropsia is the sensation that your body or objects around you are growing smaller or larger. If you feel that objects near you are growing larger or that they’re closer to you than they are, you’re experiencing pelopsia. On the other hand, teleopsia is the sensation that objects are getting smaller or farther away from you than they are. Some people may also lose their sense of time, and even typically quiet sounds seem loud and intrusive. People with AWS may also lose their ability to control their limbs that can affect how they move or walk.

According to a 2016 clinical and pathophysiological review on Alice in Wonderland Syndrome, the most common causes appear to be migraines and Epstein-Barr virus infections. Other infectious diseases that can cause AIWS include influenza A virus, mycoplasma, varicella-zoster virus, Lyme neuroborreliosis, typhoid encephalopathy, and scarlet fever. Other causes may include brain lesions, medication, psychiatric conditions, epilepsy, stroke, and head trauma. According to a 2014 study, brain tumors may also trigger AWS. This condition can begin at any point in life but is common among children.

The treatment for AWS depends on identifying and treating underlying causes. Your doctor may prescribe antiepileptics if the cause is epilepsy, diet and preventive medication if it’s a migraine, and antiviral agents if there is an infection. A person who is experiencing symptoms even just short episodes should seek medical attention. Knowing the underlying cause will help reduce the severity of the symptoms. Further study of this condition is needed to determine a possible effective and direct treatment for AWS.

-PNFP Rowence Zorilla

References:

1. What Is Alice in Wonderland Syndrome? (AWS)

healthline.com/health/alice-in-wonderland-syndrome

2. What is Alice in Wonderland syndrome?

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4302569/