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rabiesSeptember 28, 2021 is the 15th World Rabies Day. This corresponds to the anniversary of Louis Pasteur's death, the French chemist and microbiologist, who developed the first rabies vaccine. World Rabies Day is the first and only global day of action and awareness dedicated to rabies prevention. This year’s World Rabies Day bears the theme “Rabies: Facts, not Fear”. It focuses on sharing facts about rabies and dispelling any myths or misconceptions about the disease. Facts are essential for raising disease awareness, preventing rabies cases, having the animal population vaccinated, and educating people about the dangers of rabies and how to prevent it. 

Rabies is a preventable viral disease most often transmitted through the bite of a rabid animal. The rabies virus infects the central nervous system of mammals, ultimately causing disease in the brain and death. Clinically, it has two forms: Furious rabies – characterized by hyperactivity and hallucinations and Paralytic rabies – characterized by paralysis and coma. According to World Health Organization, rabies is entirely avoidable; vaccines, medicines, and technologies have long been available to prevent death from rabies. Nevertheless, rabies still kills tens of thousands of people each year. Approximately 99 percent of these cases are acquired from the bite of an infected dog. 

If a dog or a cat bites you, take these steps right away:

  • Wash the wound. Use mild soap, and run warm tap water over it for five to 10 minutes.
  • Slow the bleeding with a clean cloth.
  • Apply over-the counter antibiotic cream if you have it.
  • Wrap the wound in a sterile bandage.
  • Keep the wound bandaged and see your doctor.
  • Change the bandage several times a day once your doctor has examined the wound.
  • Watch for signs of infection, including redness, swelling, increased pain and fever.
  • Get vaccinated.

In the Philippines, there are existing policies and laws for the prevention and control of rabies. These include Anti-Rabies Act of 2007 (Republic Act 9482), Batas Pambansa Bilang 97, Executive Order No. 84, Memorandum of Agreement on Interagency Implementation of the NRPCP, Joint DA, DOH, DepEd, DILG Administrative Order No. 01 Series of 2008, Administrative Order No. 2014-0012, Administrative Order No. 2018-0013, and Joint Department Administrative Order No. 01. Collaboration is very critical for the success of this campaign. The only way we can successfully eliminate rabies and end the needless suffering is by uniting and working together towards a common goal which is to have a rabies-free environment. Rabies prevention starts with you so better be a responsible pet owner. Leash your fur-babies and vaccinate them regularly. Contact your public Veterinarian for a free pet vaccination now!

PNFP-ZDN Rowence F. Zorilla, RND

References:

1. World Rabies Day

https://www.who.int/campaigns/world-rabies-day

2. World Rabies Day 2021 theme

https://rabiesalliance.org/news/world-rabies-day-2021-theme

3. What is Rabies?

https://www.cdc.gov/rabies/about.html

4. Rabies

https://www.who.int/health-topics/rabies#tab=tab_1

5.  If a Dog Bites You, Do These 7 Things Now

https://health.clevelandclinic.org/if-a-dog-bites-you-do-these-7-things-now/

techAre you the type of parent who spoils their children with gadgets? like Cellphones? Tablets? Computers? Or laptops? Did you know that long exposure to those gadgets can be a life-threatening threat to your child? Think twice or even thrice before you spoil your child with those gadgets.  Here are some health effects your child can get if you will continue to spoil your child with gadgets. With screens virtually everywhere, controlling a child's screen time can be challenging. To complicate matters, some screen time can be educational for children as well as support their social development. So how do you manage your child's screen time? Here's a primer on guiding your child's use of screens and media.

Unstructured playtime is more valuable for a young child's developing brain than is electronic media. Children younger than age 2 are more likely to learn and remember information from a live presentation than they are from a video. By age 2, children can benefit from some types of screen time, such as programming with music, movement and stories. By watching together, you can help your child understand what he or she is seeing and apply it in real life. However, passive screen time shouldn't replace reading, playing or problem-solving.

As your child grows, keep in mind that too much or poor-quality screen time has been linked to:

  • Obesity
  • Irregular sleep schedules and shorter duration of sleep
  • Behavioral problems
  • Loss of social skills
  • Violence
  • Less time for play

Staring at a screen for long stretches without taking breaks can cause symptoms such as: ​

  • Eye fatigue. Muscles around the eye, like any others, can get tired from continued use. Concentrating on a screen for extended periods can cause concentration difficulties and headaches centered around the temple and eyes. Children may also use screen devices where lighting is less than ideal which may cause eye fatigue from squinting.
  • Blurry vision. Gazing at the same distance for an extended time can cause the eye's focusing system to spasm or temporarily "lock up." This condition, called an accommodation spasm, causes a child's vision to blur when he or she looks away from the screen. Some studies also suggest computer use and other close-up indoor activities may fuel rising rates of myopia (nearsightedness) among children, although this is not yet proven. More time playing outside may result in healthier vision development in children.
  • Dry eyes. Studies show that people blink significantly less often when concentrating on a digital screen, which can leave eyes dry and irritated. Desktop and laptop computer use can be especially tough on children's eyes, because they're usually situated higher up in the visual field than a book, for example. As a result, the upper eyelids tend to be open wider which results to speeding up evaporation of the eye's tear film.

The American Academy of Pediatrics discourages media use, except for video chatting, by children younger than 18 to 24 months. If you introduce digital media to children ages 18 to 24 months, make sure it's high quality and avoid solo media use. For children ages 2 to 5, limit screen time to one hour a day of high-quality programming. As your child grows, a one-size-fits-all approach doesn't work as well. You'll need to decide how much media to let your child use each day and what's appropriate. Consider applying the same rules to your child's real and virtual environments. In both, play with your child, teach kindness, be involved, and know your child's friends and what your child does with them. Also, keep in mind that the quality of the media your child is exposed to is more important than the type of technology or amount of time spent.

So mommies… you better spend more time on creative activities that can divert your child’s attention to gadgets. Let us create fun and engaging activities with them and don’t fall for those cute pleading eyes that ask for gadgets, be more attentive to them and also as parent’s limit your use of gadgets when you’re with your child. Explore new things with them and talk to them every day because they can only be a child once. Remember, it is always more beneficial for the children’s growth and development if we challenge them not only mentally, but also physically.

NO I Zamubec Alomar C. Adlawan, RND

References:

  • Screen time and children: How to guide your child

https://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-lifestyle/childrens-health/in-depth/screen-time/art-20047952

  • Give Your Child's Eyes a Screen-Time Break: Here's Why

https://www.healthychildren.org/English/health-issues/conditions/eyes/Pages/What-Too-Much-Screen-Time-Does-to-Your-Childs-Eyes.aspx

Dipolog CNC Q3On September 14, 2021, the 3rd Quarterly meeting of Dipolog City Nutrition Committee (CNC) was conducted at the Incident Command Post (ICP) Building, Dipolog City. The meeting was participated by 26 CNC members, City Nutrition Division staff headed by City Nutrition Action Officer (CNAO) Edna P. Galea, Provincial Nutrition Focal Point (PNFP) Rowence F. Zorilla of the National Nutrition Council IX. The meeting was presided by CNC chairperson Honorable Mayor Darel Dexter T. Uy,

CNAO Galea presented the 2021 OPT result, 47th Nutrition Month Accomplishment Report of the city, and the MELLPI Pro National Evaluation Team general findings. Based on the 2021 OPT result, the prevalence of stunted, wasted, and underweight 0-59 months old children decreased in 2021 as compared last year. However, the prevalence of overweight 0-59 months old children slightly increases from 0.02% in 2020 to 0.04% in 2021. CNAO Galea believes that the increase in the prevalence of overweight is due to the lack of physical activity among children during this time of the pandemic.

Furthermore, other parts of the agenda are the presentation and approval of the City Nutrition Action Plan CY-2022 and the organization of a Screening Committee for the recruitment of Barangay Nutrition Scholars (BNS). The City Nutrition Committee carefully reviewed the City Nutrition Action Plan CY-2022. Some CNC members also gave their comments and suggestions to further improve the CNAP. After which, the Screening Committee for the recruitment of BNSs was also created with its members including CSWDO, DepED, SB Member, ZnFEPA, and the City Nutrition Division and they will be responsible for the overall recruitment process of BNS in the city.

The City Nutrition Division (CND) led by CNAO Galea was also directed to conduct a Barangay Nutrition Scholar Basic Training. This training aims to refresh and to improve the knowledge of the Barangay Nutrition Scholars on nutrition. Aside from the training, CND will also implement a 90-day supplementation program among the nutritionally at-risk pregnant women and 120 days feeding for children 6-59 months old. Moreover, NNC IX PNFP Zorilla gave updates on the Tutok Kainan Dietary Supplementation Program. The adoption of Nutrition policies and programs was also discussed during the meeting. At the end of the meeting, Hon. Uy expressed his unwavering support for the Nutrition Policies and programs that will help address the existing nutrition problems in the country and thanked each CNC member for their participation.

PNFP-ZDN Rowence F. Zorilla, RND

dangers of HFCSConsumption of sweetened food commodities has been rampant nowadays that is attributable to certain diseases. This is due to sweetener called HFCS that is essentially not healthy. So, what is HFCS and what makes this sweeter unhealthy? HFCS or High-fructose corn syrup, also known as glucose–fructose, isoglucose and glucose–fructose syrup, is a sweetener made from corn starch. Some of whose glucose has been converted to fructose that is used in commercially produced foods and soft drinks as a cheaper alternative to sucrose. Compared with regular sugar, it’s cheaper and sweet, and is more quickly absorbed into your body. But eating too much of HFCS can lead to fatty liver disease, insulin resistance, obesity, and type 2 diabetes.

Here are 6 reasons why consuming high-fructose corn syrup is not recommended:

1. Adds an unnatural amount of fructose to your diet

The fructose in HFCS can cause health issues if eaten in excessive amounts. Most starchy carbs, such as rice, are broken down into glucose⁠. Glucose is the basic form of carbs easily transported and utilized by every cell in your body. Table sugar and HFCS comprise around 50% glucose and 50% fructose. The fructose from high fructose corn syrup or table sugar needs to be converted into glucose, glycogen (stored carbs), or fat by the liver before it can be used as fuel. Before, table sugar and HFCS became affordable and widely available, yet people’s diets contained only small amounts of fructose from natural sources, such as fruits and vegetables. HFCS and sugar contain fructose and glucose and your body metabolizes fructose differently than glucose, thus consuming too much fructose can lead to health problems.

2. Increases your risk of fatty liver disease

High intake of fructose leads to increased liver fat. One study in men and women with excess weight showed that drinking sucrose-sweetened soda for 6 months significantly increased liver fat, compared to drinking milk, diet soda, or water. Other research has also found that fructose can increase liver fat to a greater extent than equal amounts of glucose. In the long term, liver fat accumulation can lead to serious health problems, such as fatty liver disease and type 2 diabetes. Because HFCS is high in fructose content, this can lead to fatty liver as it is metabolized differently than other carbs.

3. Increases your risk of obesity and weight gain

Long-term studies indicate that excessive intake of sugar, including HFCS, plays a key role in the development of obesity. One study had healthy adults drink beverages containing either glucose or fructose. When comparing the two groups, the fructose drink did not stimulate regions of the brain that control appetite to the same extent as the glucose drink. Fructose also promotes visceral fat accumulation. Visceral fat surrounds your organs and is the most harmful type of body fat. It’s linked to health issues like diabetes and heart disease. Research continues to highlight the role of high-fructose corn syrup and fructose in obesity. It can also add visceral fat, a harmful type of fat that surrounds your organs.

4. Excessive intake is linked to diabetes

Excessive fructose or HFCS consumption can also lead to insulin resistance, a condition that can result in type 2 diabetes. In healthy people, insulin increases in response to the consumption of carbs, transporting them out of the bloodstream and into cells. However, regularly consuming excess fructose can make your body resistant to insulin’s effects. This decreases your body’s ability to control blood sugar levels. Over the long term, both insulin and blood sugar levels increase.

Excessive intake of high-fructose corn syrup can lead to insulin resistance and metabolic syndrome, which are both key contributors to type 2 diabetes and many other serious diseases.

5. Can increase the risk of other serious diseases

Excessive HFCS intake is linked to an increased risk of numerous diseases, including heart disease. HFCS and sugar have been shown to drive inflammation, which is associated with an increased risk of obesity, diabetes, heart disease, and cancer. In addition to inflammation, excess fructose may increase harmful substances called advanced glycation end products (AGEs), which may harm your cells. Lastly, it may exacerbate inflammatory diseases like gout. This is due to increased inflammation and uric acid production.  Considering all of the health issues and diseases linked to the excessive intake of HFCS and sugar, it may come as no surprise that studies are starting to link them to an increased risk of heart disease and reduced life expectancy.

6. Contains no essential nutrients

HFCS is considered to have empty calories. While it contains plenty of calories, it offers no essential nutrients. Thus, eating HFCS will decrease the total nutrient content of your diet, as the more HFCS you consume, the less room you have for nutrient-dense foods. Moreover, here are some of the common foods rich in HFCS that you may consider not to include in your diet or food choices: Soda, Candy, Sweet Yogurt, Salad Dressing, Frozen Junk Foods, Breads, Canned Fruit, Juice, Breakfast Cereal, Snack Foods, Cereal Bars, Coffee Creamer, Ice Cream, Energy and Sport Drinks, Jam and Jelly, Sauces and Condiments.

Yes, HFCS is very affordable and it is just around the corner. Choosing unhealthy diet with foods rich in HFCS and excess intake of this may complicate your health status with diseases. To lower the risk of these diseases and to improve and maintain your good health, avoid foods with high amounts of HFCS. This will help save you and your family from the dangers of becoming ill. So better read the label before heading to the counter!

NO I Zhalimar A. Jakaria-Patulada

 

References:

High Fructose Corn Syrup

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/High-fructose_corn_syrup

6 Reasons Why High-Fructose Corn Syrup Is Bad for You

https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/why-high-fructose-corn-syrup-is-bad

20 Foods With High-Fructose Corn Syrup

https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/20-foods-with-high-fructose-corn-syrup

insomiaHaving trouble sleeping lately? Insomnia is a common sleep disorder that can make it hard to fall asleep, hard to stay asleep or cause you to wake up too early and not be able to get back to sleep. This can affect not just your energy level and mood but also your health, work performance, and quality of life. Many adults experience short-term (acute) insomnia, which lasts for days or weeks. It's usually the result of stress or a traumatic event. But some people have long-term (chronic) insomnia that lasts for a month or more. Insomnia may be the primary problem, or it may be associated with other medical conditions or medications.

Insomnia symptoms may include difficulty falling asleep at night, waking up during the night, waking up too early, not feeling well-rested after a night's sleep, daytime tiredness or sleepiness, irritability, depression or anxiety, difficulty paying attention, fatigue, problems with concentration or memory, and ongoing worries about sleep. Chronic insomnia is usually a result of stress, poor sleep habits, eating too much late in the evening. It may also be associated with medical conditions or the use of certain drugs. These include mental health disorders, medications, medical conditions such as hyperthyroidism, sleep-related disorders like sleep apnea, caffeine, nicotine, and alcohol.

The risk of insomnia is higher among women, older people age 60, persons with mental health issues or physical health conditions, people who are stressed, and those who are working night shifts or shifts that rotate. To prevent insomnia and promote sound sleep, you may try these tips: stay active, check your medications if they may contribute to insomnia, limit naps especially in the afternoon, avoid or limit caffeine and alcohol and use of nicotine, avoid drinking or eating too much before bedtime, taking a warm bath, drinking a warm milk, and listening to soft music. Getting enough and quality sleep is as important for good health as nutrition and exercise.

PNFP-ZDN Rowence F. Zorilla, RND

References:

1. Insomnia

https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/insomnia/symptoms-causes/syc-20355167

2. Insomnia

https://www.webmd.com/sleep-disorders/insomnia-symptoms-and-causes

breastfeedingAs a father, you may feel left out if your partner breastfeeds your baby. But, did you know that you can also play an important role as part of the nurturing team? Fathers may not be able to breastfeed, but their role and presence are invaluable too.

Here are some ways you can offer support, encouragement and be involved in every step of the breastfeeding journey.

  • Be there – Fathers can try to place the breastfed baby on his chest where the baby can hear the heartbeat and listen to his breathing and voice. Rocking the baby on the shoulder, slinging the baby, or just spending time with baby can be as rewarding as it can be.
  • Help take care of your baby - You can soothe, bathe, change, dress, cuddle, and burp your baby. You can also give company to your partner during feedings and make sure that she has plenty to eat and drink.
  • Show your support - A husband’s support and approval to breastfeeding contributes strongly to a wife’s decision and duration to breastfeed. The husband should be there during the breastfeeding process. Ensure that your wife has enough back and leg support while she breastfeeds. It helped her a lot that both of you are on the same page when it comes to nourishing your baby because whenever your wife meets an obstacle or a problem in breastfeeding, you can always help find a solution on how your wife can continue to breastfeed.
  • Offer encouragement - Help your partner feel good about herself. Tell her you're proud of her, that she's doing a great job and that you appreciate her efforts and achievements in breastfeeding. And if breastfeeding doesn’t work out despite your partner’s best efforts, reassure her that it’s OK. And also, try to do something special for her that will make her happy.
  • Go the extra mile - Help with the household chores. Run errands, cook, clean, and do laundry. If your partner needs something while she's breastfeeding, offer to get it for her. If you have other children, take care of them so your partner can focus on breastfeeding only.
  • Be informed - Fathers who are well-informed and knowledgeable about breastfeeding will find it easier to support the mother-infant breastfeeding relationship and make the journey easy.
  • Nurturing a different kind of relationship - It is common for fathers of breastfeeding babies to experience frustration and inadequacy when they are unable to calm crying babies on their own. But it is important for fathers not to see their role as a “stand-in mother”. Fathers contribute also to the development of their babies in a different way. Babies can notice voice vibrations and can feel the presence of their father. Thus, being there is a big help already and in that way the baby will feel safe and cared. So, make full use of your paternity leave. Because daddies, you are needed too!

Nurturing a child is a team effort. Couples must assist and support each other to make the parental journey serene. It takes time, practice, patience, and teamwork to succeed in the journey of breastfeeding. So, mommies and daddies, don’t give up and start nurturing your babies with the “Liquid Gold” which is the breastmilk.

AA VI Angelyn P. Intal, RND

References:

  • How can father help/support their breastfeeding partner?

https://wicbreastfeeding.fns.usda.gov/how-dads-can-support-their-breastfeeding-partner

https://thenewageparents.com/how-husbands-can-support-their-wives-during-their-breastfeeding-journey/