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Cerebral PalsyPursuant to Philippine Presidential Proclamation 588 series of 2004, September 16-22 of every year is Cerebral Palsy Awareness and Protection week. Worldwide, recent population-based studies from around the globe report prevalence estimates of Cerebral Palsy to be ranging from 1 to nearly 4 per 1,000 live births or per 1,000 children. But, how much do we know about this condition, and what action can we do to help spread its awareness? In this article, we will learn and understand Cerebral Palsy.

Cerebral palsy (CP) is a group of disorders that affect a person’s ability to move and maintain balance and posture. CP is the most common motor disability in childhood. Cerebral means having to do with the brain. Palsy means weakness or problems with using the muscles. CP is caused by abnormal brain development or damage to the developing brain that affects a person’s ability to control his or her muscles. There are many possible ways that the brain can be damaged, including problems during pregnancy, infection, stroke, genetic problems, lack of oxygen, severe jaundice or diseases that cause the brain to develop abnormally.

Early signs of CP vary greatly because there are many different types and levels of disability. The main sign that a child might have CP is a delay in reaching motor or movement milestones (such as rolling over, sitting, standing, or walking). Following are some other signs of possible CP. It is important to note that some children without CP also might have some of these signs.

In a Baby Younger Than 6 Months of Age

  • His head lags when you pick him up while he’s lying on his back
  • He feels stiff
  • He feels floppy
  • When held cradled in your arms, he seems to overextend his back and neck, constantly acting as if he is pushing away from you
  • When you pick him up, his legs get stiff and they cross or scissor
  • mother holding daughter

In a Baby Older Than 6 Months of Age

  • She doesn’t roll over in either direction
  • She cannot bring her hands together
  • She has difficulty bringing her hands to her mouth
  • She reaches out with only one hand while keeping the other fisted

In a Baby Older Than 10 Months of Age

  • He crawls in a lopsided manner, pushing off with one hand and leg while dragging the opposite hand and leg
  • He scoots around on his buttocks or hops on his knees, but does not crawl on all fours

According to CDC, symptoms of CP vary from person to person. A person with severe CP might need to use special equipment to be able to walk, or might not be able to walk at all and might need lifelong care. A person with mild CP, on the other hand, might walk a little awkwardly, but might not need any special help. CP does not get worse over time, though the exact symptoms can change over a person’s lifetime. All people with CP have problems with movement and posture. Many also have related conditions such as intellectual disability; seizures; problems with vision, hearing, or speech; changes in the spine (such as scoliosis); or joint problems (such as contractures).

There is no cure for CP, but treatment can improve the lives of those who have the condition. It is important to begin a treatment program as early as possible. After a CP diagnosis is made, a team of health professionals works with the child and family to develop a plan to help the child reach his or her full potential. Common treatments include medicines, surgery, braces, and physical, occupational, and speech therapy. No single treatment is the best one for all children with CP. Before deciding on a treatment plan, it is important to talk with the child’s doctor to understand all the risks and benefits.

We can educate and raise awareness on Cerebral Palsy by using this era's new social media platforms like Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, YouTube, and other social media communities by sharing pieces of information about this condition. We can use this to reach every citizen in the world to educate them. Also, wearing green helps raise awareness. Just like in the traffic signs, green means GO! because life must go on. It symbolizes hope not just for the Cerebral Palsy patients but also to the people around them. Life must go on, and let’s keep on track. Keep moving!

NO I Zamubec Alomar C. Adalwan, RND

 

References:

  • Cerebral Palsy

https://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/cp/facts.html

  • Cerebral Palsy Cause

https://www.health.harvard.edu/a_to_z/cerebral-palsy-a-to-z

PlankingDefined ab or a flat stomach may be one of your body goals, and we all know that we can achieve it by incorporating diet and exercise. Fitness gurus are very popular nowadays since they are making a workout routine to help others achieve their dream bodies. There are so many abdominal exercises you can do as well but one exercise might be suitable for you. Planking is a great alternative to crunches, a common abdominal exercise, and this can help improve core strength and stability.

According to Insider, planks are a great way to strengthen your core and work out many different muscle groups, all at once. You can also do them anywhere — all you need is your body weight. A 2016 study published in the International Journal of Physiotherapy and Research found that both a 30-day plank workout regimen and a 30-day abdominal challenge — consisting of sit-ups, crunches, and leg raises — resulted in an equally effective waist reduction and abdominal skinfold measurement.

Erin Kelly of Healthline also stated that the simple act of planking isn’t very hard to pull off, but holding the position is a completely different story. There are two common forms of planking, the high plank, and the low plank. To do a high plank, get into the top or start a pushup position. Keep your palms and toes firmly planted on the ground, your back straight, and your core tight. To do a low plank, you should lower down to your forearms, maintaining the same positioning and form as the high plank. Generally, you can hold a planking position for just a minute or less. Then, you may increase the duration, once you got used to it.

What are the benefits of planking? Doing planks can also help improve your posture by strengthening your core. According to the US National Library of Medicine, having good posture while standing involves standing straight and tall with your shoulders back and your stomach pulled in. That's very similar to the position you're in with a plank. In addition, Erin Kelly stated that planks don’t just work your core: They work your entire body. Planks require your arms, your legs, and all of your abs, making them an all-encompassing workout and a more efficient way to exercise. While it may not feel like it, planks are a great way to stretch out the lower half of your body.

Indeed, a stronger core will increase your performance and everyday abilities. Planking is a really good exercise to incorporate into your workout routine. It’s a bit of a challenge at first, but by doing this with a proper diet, soon, you can achieve your dream body and killer abs.

PNFP-ZDS Marie Claire A. Gaas

References:

  • The Worthwhile Benefits of Plank Exercises

Medically reviewed by Daniel Bubnis, M.S., NASM-CPT, NASE Level II-CSS — Written by Erin Kelly — Updated on May 29, 2020

https://www.healthline.com/health/fitness-exercise/plank-exercise-benefits#The-takeaway

  • The health benefits of plank exercises and how to do a plank properly

Kelly Burch, Jul 30, 2020

https://www.insider.com/plank-benefits

Food BloggingAre you fond of watching food blogs? Do you want to start a food blog but don’t know how? There is no concrete definition for food blog. But food blogs are photographing and showing of foods which also includes cooking of recipe and posting of food. It is a place to share your food thoughts with as few or many people as you like or a website that displays information about a particular topic.

Food blogging is the byproduct of a love for food and wanting to share that with the world by means of traveling and social media platforms. Food blogging is a blanket term that covers all kinds of different content. Some of the most common and popular types of food blogs include:

a. Cooking and Posting Blogs – These blogs are the most common, as their subject matters tend to be broader than others. The most successful ones create and promote their own recipes alongside photos of the food they have cooked, however, it is also possible to recommend other people’s recipes, too. 

b. Niche Blogs – These blogs focus on one specific element of food, such as vegan foods or gluten-free foods and tend to include information on their lifestyle that accompanies the food they promote. Again, they may include their own recipes, or merely suggest others that they’ve found helpful. Ultimately, they are committed to focusing on only one aspect of food. 

c. Food Reviewing Blogs –These kinds of blogs actively try different foods and write about their experiences. They usually include anecdotes about how they discovered what they’re trying, and can include reviews on recipes, cookbooks, restaurants, and more. 

You can start your own food blog by following these six (6) basic steps:

1. Name your blog and buy a matching domain name. Domain names are short, memorable and typically end in .com (example: yourblogname.com).

2. Find a reliable web host. A web host stores your website and makes it accessible to the world wide web. In other words, your website “lives” on your web host’s servers.

3. Install WordPress. WordPress is top-of-the-line, industry-standard blogging software.

4. Install a WordPress theme. Your WordPress theme will determine the look, feel and functionality of your website.

5. Set up Google tools. Google offers invaluable tools and services like Google Analytics and Search Console.

6. Install WordPress plugins. WordPress plugins extend the functionality of WordPress in certain areas. For example, one of my recommended free WordPress plugins helps prevent spam comments.

7. Start blogging! Publish those recipes, stories and photos.

Food is what you eat every day for survival. Enjoying food is more fun when you share this with everyone. If you are ready and equipped, it’s never too late to explore and try this new trend of food blogging. So, why not give it a try and let’s see how many subscribers you can get? Who knows, I will be one of your avid followers in the future? Keep posting!

NO I Zhalimar A. Jakaria-Patulada

References:

How to Become a Food Blogger: Tips & Ideas

https://www.highspeedtraining.co.uk/hub/how-to-become-a-food-blogger/

How to Start a Food Blog: Step by Step

https://cookieandkate.com/how-to-start-a-food-blog/

Durian loaded with cholesterolHypertension remains a major problem worldwide despite various efforts by health care professionals to lessen this global burden. According to World Health Organization, an estimated 1.28 billion adults aged 30-79 years worldwide have hypertension, most (two-thirds) living in low- and middle-income countries. Unhealthy diets (excessive salt consumption, a diet high in saturated fat and trans fats, low intake of fruits and vegetables), physical inactivity, consumption of tobacco and alcohol, being overweight or obese, family history of hypertension, age over 65 years and co-existing diseases are among the major contributors to the increased incidence of hypertension. Proper management of hypertension is important as it is among the main risk factors for other cardiovascular diseases.

Durian (Durio zibethinus), labeled as the “King of Fruits”, is a large, spiky, greenish-brown fruit that is well-loved in its native Southeast Asia. The fruit is known for its strong odor when ripe, which can vary depending on the variety of durian. One of the most nutritious fruits and very high in nutrients and plant compounds compared to other fruits. Durians have heart-healthy monounsaturated fats which help to lower your level of bad LDL cholesterol.

Contrary to the popular belief that durian can raise body temperature and elevate blood pressure, it's “NOT TRUE”. You will not have a big spike in your cholesterol level after eating durian. In fact, this king of fruits has good monounsaturated fats that can lower your harmful cholesterol levels and moderate your blood pressure. Cholesterol is only found in animal products. Fruits, vegetables, grains and all other plant foods do not have any cholesterol at all and can only be found in foods containing saturated fats such as red meats, seafood and dairy products. But feasting on this highly nutritious fruit will certainly not benefit your waistline because a cup of durian gives 357 calories (according to Healthline). Durian may be a very good source of nutrients, but it is also high in terms of calories and carbohydrates thus consumption must still be in moderation.

Eating durian at one sitting is enough but because durian can become so addictive, people tend to eat more than they should. This is the FACT “Eating foods incredibly high in healthy nutrients is VERY GOOD but eating them in high consumption is NOT GOOD”. It is not good to have TOO MUCH of anything. MODERATION is still a MUST!

AA VI Angelyn P. Intal, RND

References:

  • Prevalence of Hypertension and Risk factor.

https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/hypertension

  • What is Durian and calories content?

https://www.thespruceeats.com/what-is-durian-4772269

https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/durian-fruit#nutrition

Animal RightsIn history, the good relationship between humans and animals has been imprinted. For some, animals as pets have been considered members of their family. In fact, there are pet-owners who celebrate the birthdays of their pet, build a cozy home, provide comfort and care, feed with nutritious foods, and mourn for their death. Undeniably, pets have given us therapeutic effects and for instance, dogs are even considered man's best friend. Unfortunately, not all animals are given the same care and attention. Some animals may sometimes be abandoned and experience cruelty in the hands of humans. But, do these devious individuals know that animals too have emotions, and they also want to live as they have families that wait for their return? Every scolding and maltreatment pain them up to their bones because they know how to feel and they also care. Animal cruelty and pet neglect are considered to be criminal offenses. Fur mommies and concerned citizens must not turn a blind eye because these loyal and loving creatures cannot protect themselves.

To date, there are two laws that protect animals in the Philippines. These are Republic Act No. 8485 (RA 8485) which is an act to promote animal welfare in the Philippines, otherwise known as “The Animal Welfare Act of 1998” and Republic Act No. 10631 which is an act amending certain sections of RA 8485. RA 8485 Section 6 states that it shall be unlawful for any person to torture any animal, to neglect to provide adequate care, sustenance or shelter, or maltreat any animal or use the same in research or experiments not expressly authorized by the Committee on Animal Welfare. And will be punishable by law and will pay the price for torturing or maltreating any form of animals. Because every animal has a right to access to food and shelter, not be used or slaughtered for food, not be hunted, and not be bred for business. In short, animals should not be used in favor of humans for any reason/s.

Despite the government's efforts against animal cruelty, it is still very evident that animal exploitation is a big business that can be traced back to earning money from slaughtering houses to submitting animals to laboratories for testing. It is quite depressing that some of the manufacturers depend on animal cruelty just to gain money. But unknowingly for them, these acts can have consequences. As some species are slowly getting extinct, this can cause an imbalance in the ecosystem leading to natural catastrophe.

In the end, humans will suffer from their actions from exploiting animals and so as early as now let us take care of animals. Even if you are not an animal-lover, this does not justify your act of hurting these defenseless creatures and to be mean to not even care for them at all. In reality, the ambition of a world in which animals are free from human exploitation is still far off but if everyone will help one another to push fair treatment to animals, this can be realized. As an animal lover, I am hopeful that one day this will all come into a reality where we can live freely and happily with the animals. At the end of the day, our actions towards these animals define who we really are… whether one is a feral being or a civilized person with a heart towards other living creatures. What do you think you are? The choice is yours!

NO II Joanna Marie E. Baltazar

 

Reference:

  1. Republic Act No. 8485 AN ACT TO PROMOTE ANIMAL WELFARE IN THE PHILIPPINES, OTHERWISE KNOWN AS "THE ANIMAL WELFARE ACT OF 1998"

https://lawphil.net/statutes/repacts/ra1998/ra_8485_1998.html

  1. AN ACT AMENDING CERTAIN SECTIONS OF REPUBLIC ACT NO. 8485, OTHERWISE KNOWN AS "THE ANIMAL WELFARE ACT OF 1998″

https://lawphil.net/statutes/repacts/ra2013/ra_10631_2013.html

  1. Cruelty and Pet Neglect

https://paws.org.ph/cruelty-pet-neglect/

  1. That thing called animal welfare

https://manilastandard.net/mobile/article/314613

Red Meat to CancerAre you fond of consuming red meats? If yes, here are some reasons why you should limit your red meat intake. Red meat is the meat of mammals, which is normally red when raw. People have been eating meat throughout evolution and have digestive systems well equipped to handle it. However, the meat consumed today is different from the meat people ate in the past. Back in the day, animals roamed free and ate grass, insects, or other foods natural to them. Today, some meat products are highly processed after the animals have been slaughtered. They are smoked, cured, then treated with nitrates, preservatives and various chemicals.

The World Health Organization has classified processed meats including ham, bacon, salami and frankfurters as a Group 1 carcinogen (known to cause cancer) which means that there’s strong evidence that processed meats cause cancer. Eating processed meat increases your risk of bowel and stomach cancer. Red meat, such as beef, lamb and pork, has been classified as a Group 2A carcinogen which means it probably causes cancer. Unprocessed red meats are those that haven’t been altered or modified. Examples include steak, pork chops, lamb shanks, mutton chops. On its own, unprocessed red meat can be nutritious. It’s often packed with protein, vitamins, minerals, and other important nutrients. Red meat loses some of its traditional value when it’s processed.

Processed meat refers to meat that’s been somehow modified, often for taste, texture, or shelf life. This might be done by salting, curing, or smoking meat. Examples of processed red meats include hot dogs, pepperoni and salami, bacon and ham, lunch meats, sausage, bologna, jerky, canned meats. Compared to unprocessed red meat, processed red meat is generally lower in beneficial nutrients and higher in salt and fat. Experts have classified red meat as a probable cause of cancer when consumed in high amounts. There’s a stronger link between processed meat and cancer risk. Experts have classified processed meat as a carcinogen. This means it’s now known to cause cancer.

The International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) is part of the World Health Organization. It’s made up of international experts who work to classify possible carcinogens (cancer-causing agents). They consider multiple factors from the evidence, including how animals respond to a possible carcinogen, how humans respond to it, and how cancer could develop after exposure. IARC finds that in 2015, 22 experts from 10 countries met to evaluate existing research about the link between red meat and cancer. They reviewed more than 800 studies from the past 20 years. Some studies looked at only processed or unprocessed red meat. Others looked at both. The IARC’s findings indicate that eating red meat regularly probably increases your risk for colorectal cancer. Eating processed meat regularly does increase your risk for colorectal cancer. They also found some evidence to suggest a link between red meat consumption and prostate cancer and pancreatic cancer, but more research is needed. Current research shows that there are certain chemicals in red and processed meats – both added and naturally occurring – that cause these foods to be carcinogenic. For example, when a chemical in red meat called Ham is broken down in the gut, N-nitroso chemicals are formed and these have been found to damage the cells that line the bowel, which can lead to bowel cancer. These same chemicals also form when processed meat is digested. In addition, the nitrite and nitrate preservatives used to preserve processed meat produce these N-nitroso chemicals and can lead to bowel cancer.

To reduce your risk of cancer, Cancer Council recommends eating no more than 1 serve of lean red meat per day or 2 serves 3-4 times per week. Red meat includes beef, lamb, and pork. Cut out processed meats altogether or keep them to an absolute minimum. Processed meats include bacon, ham, devon, frankfurters, chorizo, cabanossi, and kransky. Cutting down on red and processed meats will reduce your cancer risk. Reduce your red meat portions. Try marinated chicken or swap meat for fish a couple of times each week. Add eggs, beans, lentils, fish, or chicken to your meals for a protein boost. Your health should always be your top priority because your health is your wealth. Earn it now!

NO I Zamubec Alomar c. Adlawan

References:

  • Is Red Meat Bad for You, or Good? An Objective Look

https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/is-red-meat-bad-for-you-or-good

2. Red meat, processed meat and cancer

https://www.cancercouncil.com.au/1in3cancers/lifestyle-choices-and-cancer/red-meat-processed-meat-and-cancer/

3.Does Red Meat Really Cause Cancer?

https://www.healthline.com/health/does-red-meat-cause-cancer