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RO9 IodizedSaltIodized salt is a type of table salt made by spraying regular salt with a tiny amount of potassium iodate. One of the known benefits of using iodized salt is providing people with iodine. Iodine is an element needed in trace amounts to maintain normal health, but unfortunately it is not found in the normal diet. It is essential for healthy brain development in the fetus and young child. People are encouraged to add iodized salt into their food, not only to add flavor, but also to get iodine in their diet.

According to World Health Organization (WHO), iodine deficiency is considered a public health problem in 118 countries, and more than 1.5 billion people are believed to be at risk. It’s most common in developing countries where people may lack access to enough healthy food. Signs and symptoms of iodine deficiency includes swelling of the thyroid glands in the neck- this can cause a visible lump, called a goiter, to form on your neck, fatigue, increased sensitivity to cold, constipation, and weight gain among others.

RO9 DangersOfInfantFormulaThe National Nutrition Council (NNC), World Health Organization (WHO), Department of Health (DOH) and other health and nutrition agencies have been constantly reminding mothers to breastfeed their babies for the first 6 months of the child’s life. Breast milk is good for the baby in many ways. It provides natural antibodies that help your baby resist illnesses, it may raise your child’s intelligence, and may even help your child in later years, by reducing the risk of being overweight, and of developing asthma, type 1 and type 2 diabetes, high cholesterol and other diseases.

RO9 FatsOver the years we have been told that eating foods rich in fats will add inches to our waistline, raise our cholesterol level and cause numerous health problems. But did you know that not all fats are bad? As some fats cause harm to our health, there are also existing dietary fats that help promote good health as part of our balanced diet. So, there is no need for us to eliminate all types of dietary fats from our diet. We just have to choose wisely which type of fats we need to consume that will help us achieve better nutrition.

Fats are type of macronutrient just like protein and carbohydrates. Dietary fats are essential to give our body energy and to support cell growth. They also help protect the organs and keep the body warm. Furthermore, fats help the body absorb some nutrients that it needs and produce important hormones too. Therefore, our body definitely needs dietary fats. By understanding the difference between good and bad fats, we can decide better which type of fats are healthier to be included in our diet.

“Bad” fats can cause unhealthy effects that all fats have been blamed for including weight gain, clogged arteries, increased risk of certain diseases, and many more. However, there are two main types of potential dietary fats. One is saturated fats, the type of fats that come from animal sources of food, such as red meat, poultry and full-fat dairy products. Saturated fats increase high-density lipoprotein (HDL or "good") cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein (LDL or "bad") cholesterol levels, which may increase our risk of developing cardiovascular disease. The other type of “bad” fats are the trans fats. Most of the trans fats are made from oils through a food processing method called “partial hydrogenation” to keep them solid even at room temperature. They can be found commonly at commercially-baked pastries, packaged snack foods, margarine, vegetable shortening and fried foods. Like the saturated fats, trans fats cause more harm as they increase total blood cholesterol, LDL cholesterol and triglyceride levels, but lower HDL cholesterol which could increase your risk for heart diseases and stroke.

RO9 FoodSafetyBy virtue of Proclamation No. 160 series of 1999, last week of October every year is observed as Food Safety Awareness Week to create public awareness and to educate people in food safety in order to reduce and ultimately eradicate food poisoning and other foodborne illness that may have resulted to death in the Philippines.

Foodborne illnesses or diseases are infections caused by a variety of bacteria, viruses and parasites that are contaminated on consumed foods or beverages. In the Philippines, there were 209 reported foodborne disease outbreaks (FBDOs) for the year 2005-2018 based from the study conducted by Department of Food Science and Nutrition of the University of the Philippines. Common symptoms that can be observed on an infected person on these illnesses are nausea, vomiting, stomach cramps and diarrhea. These symptoms may differ from being severe to being life threatening depending on which type of foodborne illnesses a person was infected.

RO9 FAD DietsOverweight and obesity are nutrition problems that have been neglected for so long. In fact, in the Philippines alone, three (3) out of ten (10) Filipinos are overweight and obese, moreover, prevalence of obesity for Filipino adults had increased from 20.2 percent in 1998 to 37.2 percent in 2018 based on the 2018 National Nutrition Survey conducted by Department of Science and Technology – Food and Nutrition Research Institute (DOST-FNRI). This problem is something that we should put more attention to because obesity is one of the causes of many diseases such as cardiovascular disease, high blood pressure, sleep apnea, diabetes and many more. Hence, a lot of people are engaged on various weight loss programs to prevent them from being obese. Aside from preventing obesity, some people also wanted to stay looking great by trying to reach their body weight goals.

Whatever may be the reason for losing weight, this should be done in a proper and healthy way. However, many are trying to lose weight abruptly by trying out the many trendy fad diets in this modern time.

RO9 BananasBananas are one of the world’s most appealing fruits. They are incredibly versatile fruits that can be used to make refreshing smoothies, add delicious flavor to a baked meal, or simply eaten on-the-go. Bananas have a wide variety of health benefits. According to nutritionist Michael Van Straten,      author of The Healthy Food Directory, bananas can alleviate 14 medical conditions, including diarrhea, fatigue, heartburn, insomnia, nausea, menstrual problems, and kidney problems.

Among the banana varieties, the lakatan type (yellowish and tastier) has a higher vitamin content. Compared to apples, bananas have so much more vitamin A and vitamin C. Vitamin C helps protect your body against cell and tissue damage. Moreover, bananas are one of the best fruit sources of Vitamin B6, this kind of vitamin helps your body produce red blood cells, metabolise carbohydrates and fats, turning them into energy, remove unwanted chemicals from your liver and kidneys, and maintain a healthy nervous system. Aside from being an on-the-go snack, they are very known for containing high amount of potassium. A medium-sized banana will provide around 320-400 mg of potassium, which meets about 10% of your daily potassium needs. Potassium helps your body maintain a healthy heart and blood pressure.