UTIUrinary tract infections (UTI), as defined by Medical News Today, are caused by microbes such as bacteria overcoming the body’s defenses in the urinary tract. They can affect the kidneys, bladder, and the tubes that run between them. They are one of the most common types of infection and account for around 8.1 million visits to a doctor every year. Watch out! You may be at risk of developing UTI if you have the habits mentioned here.

According to Urology Care Foundation, a UTI is when bacteria get into your urine and travels up to your bladder. About 60% of women and 12% of men will experience at least one UTI during their lifetime. How does the urinary tract work? The role of the urinary tract is to make and store urine. Urine is one of the waste products of your body. Urine is made in the kidneys and travels down the ureters to the bladder. The bladder stores the urine until it is emptied by urinating through the urethra, a tube that connects the bladder to the skin.

Medical News Today states that the vast majority of urinary tract infections (UTIs) are caused by the bacterium Escherichia coli (E. coli), usually found in the digestive system. Chlamydia and mycoplasma bacteria can infect the urethra but not the bladder. UTIs are given different names depending on where they occur. For example, a bladder infection is called cystitis, a urethra infection is called urethritis, and a kidney infection is called pyelonephritis.

According to Northern Inyo Healthcare District, one cause of UTI is not drinking enough water. Drinking plenty of water and staying adequately hydrated can provide a multitude of health benefits—including preventing urinary tract infections. When you don’t get enough water passing through your body, there can be a buildup of bacteria in your bladder. Try to drink eight 8-ounce glasses of water each day to help reduce your risk of developing a UTI.

Similarly, not drinking enough water or holding your urine for a long time can also cause a urinary tract infection. This is because the bacteria that is building up in your urinary tract needs to be flushed. This is particularly true after having sex. Next is wearing tight underwear. Although certain materials may feel more comfortable against the skin, wearing synthetic and tight-fitting undergarments can lead to UTI. This is because they can trap moisture and allow bacteria to multiply. If you have recurring UTIs, try switching to breathable fabrics like cotton that wicks away moisture.

So, how can we prevent UTI? According to James McIntosh, first, drink lots of water and urinate frequently, avoid fluids such as alcohol and caffeine that can irritate the bladder, urinate shortly after sex, wipe from front to back after urinating and bowel movement, keep the genital area clean, avoid using any perfumed products in the genital area, and wear cotton underwear and loose-fitting clothing to keep the area around the urethra dry.  Following these several measures may help you reduce the risk of developing a UTI.

PNFP-ZDS Marie Claire A. Gaas



McIntosh, J. (2018). What to know about urinary tract infections? Retrieved October 13, 2021, from the Medical News Today website: [Last updated: November 6, 2018]

Urology Care Foundation. What is a Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) in Adults? Retrieved October 13, 2021, from the URF website: [Last updated: April 2019]

NIHD News. Everyday Habits that Cause UTIs. Retrieved October 13, 2021, from the NIHD News website: [Date posted: August 27, 2020]

Black RiceBlack rice, also called forbidden or purple rice, is a type of rice that belongs to the Oryza sativa L. species according to Tetsuo Oikawa et. Al. In addition, in ancient China, it’s said that black rice was considered so unique and nutritious that it was forbidden for all but royalty. A study conducted by Chiara Cerletti et. Al., also showed that Black rice gets its signature black-purple color from a pigment called anthocyanin, which has potent antioxidant properties. Today, thanks to its mild, nutty flavor, chewy texture, and many nutritional benefits, black rice can be found in numerous cuisines around the world and can be accessed by everyone even those without royal blood.

According to Food Data Central, compared with other types of rice, black rice is one of the highest in protein. Per 3.5 ounces (100 grams), black rice contains 9 grams of protein, compared with 7 grams for brown rice. It’s also a good source of iron — a mineral that’s essential for carrying oxygen throughout your body.  A 1/4 cup (45 grams) of uncooked black rice provides 160 calories, 1.5 grams of fat, 4 grams protein, 34 grams of carbohydrates, 1 gram of fiber, and 6% Iron of the Daily Value (DV).

In addition to being a good source of protein, fiber, and iron, black rice is especially high in several antioxidants based on a study conducted by Gema Pereira-Caro et Al. Antioxidants are compounds that protect your cells against oxidative stress caused by molecules known as free radicals. In addition to anthocyanin, black rice has been found to contain over 23 plant compounds with antioxidant properties, including several types of flavonoids and carotenoids.

Kelli McGrane also stated that black rice’s effects on heart health is limited. However, many of its antioxidants have been shown to help protect against heart disease. According to Nicola Bondonno, flavonoids like those found in black rice have been associated with a decreased risk of developing and dying from heart disease. Additionally, early research in animals and humans suggests that anthocyanins may help improve cholesterol and triglyceride levels.

In addition, research shows that black rice contains high amounts of lutein and zeaxanthin — two types of carotenoids that are associated with eye health. These compounds work as antioxidants to help protect your eyes from potentially damaging free radicals. Moreover, black rice is naturally gluten-free and can be a good option for those with celiac disease or gluten sensitivity. Further, it may aid in weight loss, lower blood sugar levels in individuals with type 2 diabetes and reduce the risk of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD).

Weird as it may seem, black rice is more than just a nutritious grain. Consuming black rice surely offers a lot of health benefits including boosting eye and heart health, protecting against certain forms of cancer, and aiding weight loss. While not as common as other types of rice, black rice is the highest in antioxidant and contains more protein than brown rice. When cooked, its deep purple color can turn even the most basic meal into a visually stunning dish.

PNFP-ZDS Marie Claire A. Gaas


Oikawa, T., Maeda, H., Oguchi, T., Yamaguchi, T., Tanabe, N., Ebana, K., Yano, M., Ebitani, T., & Izawa, T. (2015). The Birth of a Black Rice Gene and Its Local Spread by Introgression. The Plant cell, 27(9), 2401–2414.

Cerletti, C., De Curtis, A., Bracone, F., Digesù, C., Morganti, A. G., Iacoviello, L., de Gaetano, G., & Donati, M. B. (2017). Dietary anthocyanins and health: data from FLORA and ATHENA EU projects. British journal of clinical pharmacology, 83(1), 103–106.

McGrane, K. (2019). 11 Surprising Benefits and Uses of Black Rice. Retrieved October 15, 2021, from the Healthline website: [Last updated: November 5, 2019]

USDA-FDC. Black Rice. Retrieved October 15, 2021, from the United States Department of Agriculture- Food Data Central website:

Pereira-Caro, G., Watanabe, S., Crozier, A., Fujimura, T., Yokota, T., & Ashihara, H. (2013). Phytochemical profile of a Japanese black-purple rice. Food chemistry, 141(3), 2821–2827.

Bondonno, N. P., Dalgaard, F., Kyrø, C., Murray, K., Bondonno, C. P., Lewis, J. R., Croft, K. D., Gislason, G., Scalbert, A., Cassidy, A., Tjønneland, A., Overvad, K., & Hodgson, J. M. (2019). Flavonoid intake is associated with lower mortality in the Danish Diet Cancer and Health Cohort. Nature communications, 10(1), 3651.

HEye floatersave you ever wondered what sort of things you seem to see floating within your eyes? Eye floaters are spots in your vision. They may look like black or gray specks, strings, or cobwebs that drift when you move your eyes and appear to dart away when you try to look at them directly. There are several reasons that you might develop eye floaters, but the main one is age which in short signifies age-related changes that occur as the jelly-like substance (vitreous) inside your eyes becomes more liquid and starts to shrink. When the vitreous shrinks, it creates small particles that float down through the fluid and settle towards the bottom of your eye where you won’t notice them anymore. This is usually the cause of eye floaters in most people. However, there are several other, less common, causes of eye floaters. These include a.) having blood in your eye b.) experiencing inflammation in your eye. If you have blood in your eye, it’s often linked to diabetes. A condition called diabetic retinopathy can cause blood from the retina to get into the vitreous. You might see this as dark spots or streaks in your vision.

In general, the signs and symptoms of eye floaters may include a.) small shapes in your vision that appear as dark specks or knobby, transparent strings of floating material, b.) spots that move, when you move your eyes, so when you try to look at them, they move quickly out of your visual field, c.) spots that are most noticeable when you look at a plain bright background, such as a blue sky or a white wall, d.) small shapes or strings that eventually settle down and drift out of the line of vision.

In most cases, you don’t need to treat floaters. They can be annoying at first, but over time you won’t notice they’re not there anymore. Floaters can get less noticeable, but they are permanent and stays in the eyes. Even though they can be annoying and bothersome, eye floaters are usually harmless. They usually drift out of your line of sight and you stop noticing them over time. However, if you do have diabetes, you should have regular eye exams to check your vision microscopic fibers within the vitreous as they tend to clump and can cast tiny shadows on your retina. This can be frustrating for people who notice the eye floaters dancing across their view often.

As mentioned, the most common treatment for eye floaters is not to treat them at all. But when this experience alters your daily living, it is best to have your eyes checked rather than wait for it to cause you untoward incidents like focus distractions and accidents.

NO I Zamubec Alomar C. Adlawan


Mayo Clinic (2020). Eye Floaters. Retrieved from the Mayo Clinic website: [Last updated: August 28, 2020]

Cleveland Clinic (2020). What causes eye floaters? Retrieved from the Cleveland Clinic website: [Last updated: August 20, 2020]

Buko LocoCoconut or Buko Juice is probably one of the trendy tropical fruit juice. In many years, it has been famous for its essential nutrients that we often ignore, and many people don’t get enough.

One cup (240 ml) of Buko water contains 60 calories, as well as:

  • Carbs: 15 grams
  • Sugar: 8 grams
  • Calcium: 4% of the daily value (DV)
  • Magnesium: 4% of the DV
  • Phosphorus: 2% of the DV
  • Potassium: 15% of the DV

The coconut fruit and its water are considered miracle fruit and here are some of its health benefits.

  • Aids in Hydration. While comparable to sports drinks, which may be loaded with added sugars and flavorings, coconut water is low in calories and carbs. Those electrolytes of potassium, sodium, and magnesium play a primary function in coconut water’s appeal.
  • High in potassium. Most individuals don’t get enough potassium in their diet, even when they say they eat bananas every day. The mineral in the coconut water helps remove extra sodium from your body through urine. It can even help lower and prevent blood pressure.
  • Low in energy. Other fruit juices may be excessive in added sugar, calories, and carbs. Coconut water, on the other hand, is low in calories, making it a very good choice for individuals who like sweet beverages.
  • Free of fat and cholesterol. Coconut water is 94% water and is fat-free and cholesterol-free.
  • Prevents kidney stone formation. Staying hydrated is one way to prevent kidney stone formation.
  • Healthier skin. Consuming buko water is essential in fighting free radicals and aids in skin healing like acne. It also gives the skin its natural glow.
  • Antioxidants. in addition to all its surprising and hydrating benefits, buko water also contains antioxidants that help to neutralize oxidative stress and free radicals created by exercise. So, look for a fresh buko juice now and free your body from harmful toxins and free radicals that cause harm to your body.

Indeed, buko water is refreshing, full of nutrients, and offers lots of benefits. So, try it today and experience its sweetness and quench your thirst!

NOI Zamubec Alomar C. Adlawan


DiGiacinto, J., & Spritzler, F. (2021). 7 Science-Based Health Benefits of Coconut Water. Retrieved November 19, 2021, from the Healthline website: [Last updated: August 11, 2021]

Cleveland Clinic. The Health Benefits of Coconut Water. Retrieved November 19, 2021, from the Cleveland Clinic website: [Last updated: September 10, 2021]

Ferreira, M. (2017). Seven health benefits of coconut water. Retrieved November 19, 2021, from the Medical News Today website: [Last updated: July 12, 2017]

Athletes FootDoes your foot smell? You might have an Athletes foot! The athlete's foot, also known as Tinea pedis is a fungal skin infection that usually begins between the toes. It commonly occurs in people whose feet have become very sweaty while confined within tight-fitting shoes. An athlete’s foot can affect one or both feet. Common signs and symptoms include an itchy scaly rash. As this is a fungal infection, this is transmissible and can be spread through contaminated floors, towels, or clothing. Other signs and symptoms include scaly, peeling, or cracked skin between the toes, itchiness, inflamed skin that might appear reddish, burning or stinging, blisters, and dry, scaly skin on the bottom of the foot.

Athletes' foot is caused by the same type of fungi (dermatophytes) that cause ringworm and jock itch. Damp socks and shoes and warm, humid conditions favor the organisms' growth. It is contagious and can spread through contact with an infected person or from contact with contaminated surfaces, such as towels, floors, and shoes. You can also spread it from the foot to other parts of the body, especially if you scratch or pick the infected parts of your foot. People who frequently wear enclosed footwear, sweat heavily, share shoes who have a fungal infection, and walk barefoot in public areas are at higher risk of athlete’s foot. The infection can also spread to other moist and warm parts of the body.

Most cases of athlete’s foot infection are mild. Over-the-counter medications can be purchased at pharmacies which can help in clearing up the infection. In serious and severe cases, a doctor may prescribe a more powerful antifungal infection. An infected individual can take steps by washing their feet often with soap and water, soaking feet in salt water or diluted vinegar to clear up blisters, soaking feet in a tea tree oil solution, drying feet completely after washing especially between the toes, wearing clean cotton socks, washing towels regularly and not sharing your personal things to other people. The most important thing to remember to minimize the risk of developing an athlete’s foot is keeping your feet, socks, and shoes clean and dry.

-PNFP Rowence Zorilla, RND


1. Athlete’s Foot's%20foot%20(tinea%20pedis)%20is,include%20an%20itchy%2C%20scaly%20rash.

2. Everything you need to know about athlete's foot

ChicoryHave you heard about Chicory coffee? If not, stick around and find time to read about this new and healthy coffee that you can enjoy during breakfast, rainy days or even in your leisure time. Despite the fact that coffee is known around the globe and it has a lot of variety, yet there are still types that are unknown to us. Among these is Chicory coffee that has a combination of sweet, bitter, woody, earthy taste that is almost similar to a regular cup of coffee.

The root of the Chicory plant is being roasted and ground to provide us with the Chicory coffee powder. It encompasses a coffee-like taste but contains no caffeine. Studies showed that it has potential health benefits. Chicory coffee is picking up popularity as a caffeine-free coffee substitute due to its comparative flavor. Researchers imposed that chicory can aid control blood sugar and improve stomach-related health. Few reports showed unfavorable side impacts, such as extreme allergic responses if the individual is allergic to pollen. But more than the side effects, here are its health benefits:

It can improve your stomach-related health. Say goodbye to constipation. Chicory root contains high inulin fiber that aids your digestion. Inulin is additionally prebiotic that can empower the development of solid microscopic organisms for a happy intestine.

It'll assist you to feel full while lessening calorie intake. Since inulin could be a dissolvable fiber that holds water, it can be utilized as a low-calorie alternative to replace fat in certain cooking preparations. Dissolvable fiber in general is known for its capacity to diminish the glycemic index in foods and reduce affront resistance.

It can possibly improve brain function. Chicory contains manganese and vitamin B6, which are fundamental supplements for your brain. Manganese is a vasodilator with anti-oxidative properties that makes a difference to move the bloodstream to the brain as well as battle free-radicals. It can moreover increase the speed that electrical signals pass through the brain to progress generally brain function. Vitamin B6, on the other hand, is an imperative supplement required to make certain neurotransmitters within the brain.

It can help treat osteoarthritis. Chicory has anti-inflammatory qualities that researchers say can treat osteoarthritis. Chicory's viability in diminishing irritation is still in question. Studies in chicory has been done to check its anti-inflammatory properties on animals. More investigation with humans is required to form a reasonable conclusion.

It can assist you to cut down caffeine intake. As an individual who just adores the taste of coffee and doesn't need the nerves, a chicory brew may be for you. Another choice is to blend chicory with a little coffee to at least reduce the caffeine you take in.

While chicory coffee has been related to a few health benefits, it’s not for everyone. Chicory can trigger an allergic response to few individuals, causing swelling and tingling of the mouth. Also, individuals with sensitivity to ragweed or birch dust ought to deviate chicory to constrain negative side impacts. If you encounter any negative side effects after drinking chicory coffee, cut intake and consult your doctor. Furthermore, chicory coffee isn't suggested for pregnant woman, as chicory has been shown to trigger unsuccessful labor and menstrual cessation. Consult your doctor before consuming chicory to avoid unfavorable side effects.

NO II Joanna Marie E. Baltazar


Link, R. (2021). Chicory Coffee: A Healthy Alternative to Coffee? Retrieved October 26, 2021, from the Healthline website:

Williams, C. (2019). What Is Chicory—and What Does It Have to Do with Coffee? Retrieved October 26, 2021, from the Yahoo News website: [Date posted: October 18, 2019]

Gibson, A. (2020). Is Chicory Root Coffee Good for You? Here's What to Know About Its Health Benefits. Retrieved October 26, 2021, from the Good Housekeeping website: [Last updated: February 3, 2020]

West, M. (2021). What to know about chicory coffee? Retrieved October 26, 2021, from the Medical News Today website: [Last updated: June 28, 2021]