VapingVaping—inhalation of vapor from an electronic cigarette or vapes. Since more public areas have started to forbid smoking as well as the country's tobacco taxes have increased, vaping has grown in popularity among Filipinos, especially among the younger demographic. Around 82 million vape users globally were estimated by the Global State of Tobacco Harm Reduction (GSTHR) in 2021, a 17% rise from 2020. 2.7 million Filipinos, or around 3% of the world's vape users, are among these figures as of 2021. Both the numbers and the number of health conditions linked to vaping continue to rise.

How Does Vape Work?

Most e-cigarettes are made up of four parts: a liquid solution cartridge, a heat source, a power source, and a mouthpiece. The liquid solution, or e-juice, is what creates the vapor, or aerosol, for e- cigarettes. This juice often includes propylene glycol or vegetable glycerin as a basis, along with water, nicotine, flavorings, and nicotine. The heating element is turned on by puffing or pressing a button, which causes the liquid in the cartridge that is intended for human inhalation to vaporize.

NFF dayExecutive Order 382 declares November 7 as the National Food Fortification Day. The term “Fortification” as defined by Codex Alimentarius, it is the addition of one or more essential nutrients to food, whether or not it is normally contained in the food, for the purpose of preventing or correcting a demonstrated deficiency of one or more nutrients in the population or specific population groups. Henceforth, Republic Act No. 8976 declares that the State shall protect and promote the right of health of the people and instill health consciousness among them. State recognizes that nutritional deficiency problems in the Philippines, based on nutrition surveys, include deficiency in energy, iron, vitamin A, iodine, thiamin and riboflavin. To a minor extent, the Filipino diet is also deficient in ascorbic acid, calcium and folate.

NBS DiseaseImmediately following birth, newborns are screened as part of a public health initiative for disorders that are treatable but not yet clinically visible. How newborn screening is done? A small amount of blood drawn from the infant's heel is tested. Before the infant leaves the hospital, this occurs, typically at 1 or 2 days of age. After the first 24 hours of life, the blood sample should be taken. However, because some mothers and newborns are released from the hospital within a day, some babies are tested within the first 24 hours. If this occurs, doctors advise taking another sample after the infant has been born for more than 24 hours.

By state, screening differs. As technology develops and therapies advance, tests may improve.  Although there are national standards for newborn screening, each state or country is free to choose which tests to use. The Philippine Newborn Screening System consists of the following five (5) parts:

MSDMechanical Soft Diet (MSD), also known as the Geriatric Diet or Dental Soft Diet, is a variation of the regular diet, wherein the texture is modified, especially for individuals who are unable to chew or swallow properly. This type of diet can be made through many different cooking processes such as grinding, pureeing, liquefying, chopping, or tender cooking. Other processes may be possible as long as the food items used must have a soft texture and should be easy to swallow. MSD is similar to Soft Diet, but what makes the former different from the latter is that MSD allows the consumption of fried foods, seasonings, spices, and fibrous foods. 

MSD is recommended for individuals experiencing cases such as:

NBS EssentialNewborn screening can detect conditions that can affect a child’s long-term health or survival. It is an essential public health approach that enables the early detection and management of several congenital disorders. Through early detection, diagnosis, and intervention can prevent death or disability and enable children to reach their full potential. Yearly, millions of babies around the world are routinely screened, by using a few drops of blood from the newborn’s heel, for certain genetic, endocrine, and metabolic disorders, and are also tested for hearing loss and critical congenital heart defects (CCHDs) prior to discharge from a hospital or in a birthing center. These have been an integral part of routine newborn care in most developed countries for five decades, either as a health directive or mandated by law. 

nutrisyonpara kay lolo at lolaNutrition is the process of eating healthy foods and having a balanced diet to obtain the nutrients that our body needs to sustain bodily functions. Whatever age group you belong, keeping a healthy body is vital to be less susceptible to infections and diseases that may affect our way of living. 

It is inevitable that as we get old, a lot of changes may occur. As what they say, change is the only constant in life. Nutritional requirements of elderly are different from adults. Younger adults need more calories to sustain energy for their active lifestyle, while the elder adults require few calories but more protein. However maintaining good health is difficult for elder adults as they have to face changes that make it harder for them to eat healthy. The following are the factors that makes staying healthy difficult for elder adults; living alone all of a sudden, body weakness which makes it harder for them to cook, income, deterioration in sense of smell and  taste, problems with mastication and swallowing. Listed below are the Nutri-tips for your beloved Lolo’t lola: