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12 Image 1 Breastfeeding Positions

Good positioning helps ensure that the baby suckles well, helps the mother produce continuous breast milk supply and helps make the session more comfortable for both the mother and baby. The four key points about the baby’s position are: straight, facing the breast, close and supported. The following are the different breastfeeding positions and some tips on when to use them:

11 Image 1 Breastfeeding on Demand

Exclusive breastfeeding is recommended for infants 0 - 6 months. However, breastfeeding problems such as inadequate breastfeeding frequency, improper breastfeeding position, poor attachment and ineffective suckling may hinder effective breastfeeding and cause discomfort for the mother. Here are some practical tips for successful breastfeeding:

1. Breastfeed on demand, both day and night (8-12 times) to build up your breast milk supply. Breastfeeding on demand helps the baby get enough milk and helps stimulate continuous milk production. Crying is already a late sign of hunger, thus the early signs that the baby wants to breastfeed include:

● Restlessness
● Opening mouth and turning head from side to side
● Putting tongue in and out
● Suckling on fingers and fists

Image How to Monitor your Childs Growth ArticleThere are many ways to monitor your child’s growth from infancy to childhood. The simplest method is measuring their weight and height and comparing them to the Child Growth Standards or by looking at skills or behaviors that indicate developmental milestones by month. This article discusses briefly the concepts and tools that you may utilize in monitoring your child’s growth.

When you bring your child to the health center or clinic, the first thing they will measure is your baby’s weight and length / height. These values will be compared against the Child Growth Standards (CGS) according to their age. These tables can be freely downloaded from the National Nutrition Council website: www.nnc.gov.ph .

Weight-for-Age Tables: Tells whether child is underweight or overweight

This table tells if your child’s current weight is suitable for their age. If the health worker says that your child is underweight, it may indicate poor weight gain, inadequate breastfeeding or recent illness. Your child’s weight will gradually catch up when these factors are addressed.  If the health worker says that your child is overweight, there is no need to restrict feeding because they are still growing. Focus on breastfeeding and nutritious complementary feeding regardless of their weight status.

Power of F1KDBy Roan Angela Garcia Rillon of PAN-AP

The Philippines has recently experienced the misfortunes of the simultaneous occurrence of under- and overnutrition. How did we transition from the double-trouble to the triple burden? Poor diet, food insecurity, and physical inactivity-- all of these factors contributed significantly to this quandary that the country is facing.

The triple burden of malnutrition (TBM) is the coexistence of the forms of undernutrition (wasting, underweight, and stunting), overnutrition (overweight or obesity), and micronutrient deficiency. This condition places the survival, growth, and development of children, young people, economies, and nations in a perilous state. Recent studies have shown that TBM can be traced back to the care and feeding practice among children in their First 1,000 Days of life. In the Philippines, this is exhibited by the none to minimal decreasing prevalence of Stunting in children under five years of age, an indication of chronic malnutrition. Currently, 1 out of 3 Filipino children suffers from Stunting.

18 Image 1 Routine Vaccination Schedule by UNICEF 2021Infections and diseases during the first 1000 days of an infant’s life have a great impact on your child’s growth and long-term health. In 2002, WHO estimated that 1.4 million of deaths among children under 5 years are due to diseases that could have been prevented by routine vaccination. This represents 14% of global total mortality in children under 5 years of age. Certain diseases such as Tuberculosis, Hepatitis B, Diphtheria, Polio, Pneumonia and Measles are preventable through timely vaccination and by completing multiple doses of the vaccine for them to be effective.

What are the vaccines given at birth?

At birth, your baby must receive his/her BCG and Hepatitis B vaccine. The BCG vaccine protects against Tuberculosis which is a communicable disease of the lungs which may affect the brain or lead to death when untreated. Tuberculosis may also contribute to poor growth and malnutrition, thus having this vaccine helps lower the risk of contracting this disease. Hepatitis B vaccine protects against the Hepatitis B virus which affects the liver and can make your child more prone to chronic infections and increased risk for liver cancer in later life.

Image Deworming ArticleThe National Deworming Month is a twice a year campaign during the months of January and July. It aims to treat and to prevent soil-transmitted helminth infections that have a detrimental impact on children’s growth and development. As of 2016, the prevalence of roundworm infections in the Philippines still falls above 20 %. Thus, the 2017 WHO Guidelines recommend mass deworming for school-age children living in areas where the prevalence of intestinal worms is 20 % or higher.

Why is having worms detrimental to children’s growth and development?

Worms are intestinal parasites that compete with nutrients and even steal nutrients from their host. It leads to malnutrition, weakness, feeling tired, impaired mental and physical development in growing children and poor performance in school and work.